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Theme Guide In A Nutshell – All You Need To Remember About Theme Writing

theme guide

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If you’ve just started theme writing for a WordPress website, you probably know all about WP’s own theme guide that can be found at https://make.wordpress.org/themes/handbook/review/required/. If you haven’t already read this, go and do so now!

Theme Guide in a Nutshell

Code

  • If they are available, use WP features and functionality before anything else.
  • Never use options frameworks
  • Do not use external APIs, such as Jetpack and Gravatar
  • If you are working with a WordPress.com them, you ned to use the latest WP features
  • If code won’t run on WP.com, don’t use it.
  • When modifying the output of template tags, use filters
  • Do not directly access PHP super globals with your themes
  • Zero output buffering
  • Do not use custom fields
  • Do not use post meta boxes
  • Do not remove Core hooks

JavaScript

  • Because variable names and protect function conflicts in global name space, you should make sure to use theme slug prefixes

HTML/CSS

  • When developing a theme, always use the HTML5 doctype
  • Your WordPress starter theme HAS to be responsive
  • It also has to be retina-ready
  • Never use ! except as a last resort
  • Code and scripts don’t work for support lower than IE9

Core Functionality and Features

  • Your code and widgets should not be a duplicate of any WordPress.com functionality
  • Your themes should support widgets
  • All themes need at least 1 custom menu

Language

  • Provide context when necessary
  • Never use common anti-patterns
  • Employ a right-to-left style for your themes
  • Make that translators are able to deactivate web fonts that are untranslatable in their language

Options and Settings

  • Theme options should be implemented via the Customiser only
  • Collate your theme options in one section and name it “Theme Options”
  • Users should NOT be able to add their own scripts and styles
  • Your themes have to support Jetpack Infinite Scroll

Stylesheets and Scripts

  • HTML must not be hooked into wp_head
  • Do not minificate
  • Your primary CSS has to be in style.css.
  • All theme tags in style.css are lower case. No spaces

Templates

  • There is a temple hierarchy that must be respected when theme writing
  • During your theme development use full loops at all times. Your templates will not function without them

Widgets

  • All widget titles should contain the prefix Widget Title
  • Hardcoded widgets are not to be used in widget areas
  • If you’ve got a visible link to a feed, make sure it doesn’t appear in the theme

Thank you for reading our theme guide.

Contact us if you need help with theme writing!

 

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